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Why Do People with Diabetes Have Proteinuria

Proteinuria refers to loss of proteins in urine. It often occurs among people with diabetes, especially those with a long history of diabetes. When this condition occurs, it may indicate that your kidneys are damaged and they are not properly filtering your blood.

How does proteinuria occur in diabetes?

Kidneys are vital organs in body. Healthy kidneys can filter out waste products while at the same time leaving the proteins in the blood so they can be used to sustain normal physiological activity.

However, in diabetes, if the blood sugar level is not controlled, it can put enormous stress on the kidney’s ability to function properly. Over time, it can cause the kidney’s filtering system to break down. As kidney function declines, the amount of protein or albumin that ends up passing through the kidneys increases, thus leading to proteinuria. Eventually, full kidney failure could occur, resulting in a need for kidney dialysis.

What are the symptoms of proteinuria?

In the early stages of proteinuria, the patients experience no noticeable signs or symptoms. Microalbumin test is usually recommended to people who have lived with diabetes for several years. It can help the patients know if protein is leaking into the urine in the early stages. In the later stages of proteinuria, heavy protein in urine can cause foamy urine.

How is proteinuria in diabetes treated?

The primary goal in treating proteinuria is to get both blood sugar and blood pressure under control. You should test your blood sugar level regularly and following a low-protein diet strictly. Taking insulin as prescribed by your doctor and exercise regularly can help control your blood sugar level better.

If you also have high blood pressure, some medications should be given. Some medications not only are effective in lowering high blood pressure and also can protect renal function. The patients with diabetes are recommended to maintain a blood pressure below 130/80 mmHg.

As proteinuria is a significant factor in worsening renal function, it is important to control the condition effectively. If you still can not control the condition well by using the above methods, you may email to  to get more advices.

  • Tag: Diabetes Symptoms
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