In severe cases, low sodium level in the blood makes Diabetic Nephropathy patients have to be admitted in the hospital for preventing life risks. Why do these patients have low sodium level?
Low sodium level in the blood can be divided into three conditions: decline of total sodium amount in blood, normal total sodium amount and increase of total sodium amount.
Low sodium level along with declined total sodium amount in the blood. To lower Diabetic Nephropathy patients' high blood pressure or ease their swelling, nephrologists are more likely to prescribe diuretics. Overuse of diuretics may cause sodium loss, metabolic acidosis, diabetic ketoacidosis, and so on easily. Besides, vomiting and diarrhea are another reasons of this condition.
Low sodium level along with normal total sodium amount in the blood. It is usually resulted from lack of glucocorticoid, hypothyroidism, some medications or SIADH.
Low sodium level along with increased total sodium amount in the blood. When kidneys are damaged severely by diabetes, they are unable to filter extra sodium and fluid effectively. Fluid retention can cause sodium level in the blood to decline, but in fact, the total sodium amount in the blood increases.
What are the clinical manifestations of low sodium level in the blood? The main symptoms are fatigue, nausea, vomiting, headache, sleepiness, muscle cramps, muscle pain, and so on. In severe cases, patients may suffer from twitching, coma, increased intracranial pressure, etc.
How to deal with this problem for Diabetic Nephropathy patients? Different patients need to take different treatments. If patients have had some life-threatening complications, they should go to hospital immediately. To deal with this problem from the root, patients should also seek some therapies that can help manage blood sugar and kidney damage effectively. To learn more about these therapies, you can leave a message to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.