End Stage Diabetic Nephropathy is one serious condition, because it is more likely to trigger some dangerous complications. Although only depending on a proper diet can bring limited benefits for these patients, a wrong diet plan may destroy the whole treatment plan. Thereby, it is necessary to follow a proper diet for these patients.
No matter which stage Diabetic Nephropathy is, maintaining blood glucose is always one important thing. To prevent blood glucose level from increasing, patients should limit their sugar intake. In serious cases, they should follow a sugar-free diet. Then, they should avoid candy, ice cream, sweat snacks, and so on.
When diabetic nephropathy progresses into end stage, patients may also have high blood pressure and swelling. High blood pressure is one factor to affect patients’ prognosis and life quality. To manage these two problems, patients should limit their sodium intake. The 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee report recommends these patients to limit their sodium intake to 1,500mg every day.
Protein is essential to build and repair body tissues, but extra intake of protein will increase the burden on kidneys. Then, it is necessary for patients with end stage diabetic nephropathy to eat correct amount of protein. Their daily intake of protein should be 0.36~0.45g/kg body weight.
Potassium and phosphorus
At ESRD, kidneys are unable to remove extra phosphorus and potassium efficiently. Then, high potassium level may cause irregular heartbeat, muscle cramps, and some other problems, while high phosphorus level may induce skin itching, bone disease, and so on. From this point, patients should control their intake of potassium and phosphorus tightly.
The above are general suggestions for patients with end stage diabetic nephropathy. To get an individual diet plan, you can leave a message below or email to firstname.lastname@example.org.