There are many kinds of diseases can cause kidney disease because injury of glomerular capillary filtration membrane. And we all know that diabetic nephropathy is a common and frequent complication of diabetes which also can be called diabetic glomerulosclerosis caused by minor glomerular abnormalities. Patients do not have any symptoms in the early stage but the cases rate would increased with the progression of diabetes. Many patients think their diabetes get worse when they appear the kidney disease symptoms such as swelling, But they do not know if diabetes more than 5 years will cause diabetic nephropathy. So diabetic patients need go to the hospital for a check if they have the symptoms of kidney disease.
Although diabetic nephropathy is the complication of diabetes, it can be controlled if patients can make an early preventive measures. Diabetic patients should check their GFR( glomerular filtration rate) and proteinuria regularly, in case of kidney disease.
Early preventive measures：
All diabetic patients whose disease is more than 5 years should go to the hospital to check kidney function, proteinuria in 24 hours and fundus examination regularly, and also need pay attention to high blood pressre.
Patients can take the urine micro protein determination and Beta 2- microspheres protein assay to prevent diabetic nephropathy early. If the report shows that urinary albumin excretion, patients need do the tests three times in 3 to 6 months to ensure whether it is the persistent micro albumin urine.
If confirm that is the persistent micro albumin urine, patients should eliminate other factors causing the increase such as UTI( urinary tract infection). Patients need have a high quality low protein diet.
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