Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) divides chronic kidney disease into five stages. End stage renal disease (ESRD) indicates kidneys are functioning less than 15%. Since kidneys fail to work efficiently, some symptoms will occur easily. Today, we will introduce some common symptoms of ESRD.
For patients with end stage renal disease, fatigue is usually due to renal anemia and buildup of waste products and toxins. Kidneys at end stage will lose their ability to secrete EPO and remove waste products from the body. Then, red blood cells are damaged by these substances, and less blood and oxygen can be provided for the body. Finally, patients feel fatigue easily.
High blood pressure is one most common symptoms of ESRD. Besides, high blood pressure is also factor to affect patients’ prognosis and speed up the progression of kidney disease. In view of this, patients should take anti-hypertensive medicines to reduce their high blood pressure.
- Hematuria and proteinuria
Both hematuria and proteinuria are due to damaged kidney filtering structure. In stage 5, kidneys are unable to keep useful nutritions in the body. When red blood cells and protein leak from the body to urine, hematuria and proteinuria occurs.
- Swelling or edema
Swelling and edema are caused by extra fluid and sodium retention in the body. As we all know, keeping fluid balance is the basic kidney function. When kidneys lose this ability, patients will find swelling appears in their legs, feet, ankles, stomach, and so on.
- Muscle cramps
In addition to removing extra fluid, regulating electrolyte balance is another important kidney function. When calcium and phosphorus balance is disturbed, muscle cramps will affect patients’ life quality.
The above are some common symptoms of end stage renal disease. If you are suffering from these problems, you can ask help to manage ESRD effectively.